Identification of different rock types and landforms in the area.
Hydroclimatology, water balance, understanding hydrologic change, statistical representation of hydrologic data, flood frequency analysis, understanding frequency of droughts, hydrologic design, hydrologic time series analysis, parametric and non-parametric trends, spectral analysis, wavelet analysis, uncertainty analysis, hydrologic modeling, and hydrologic forecasting Soil Composition, structure and classification; Shear strength of soils: Failure analysis, UC, DS and UU tests; Characterization of ground: Designing an Investigation plan, In-situ test such as SPT, DCPT, CPT, etc, Sampling techniques; Bearing capacity: Failure modes, Generalized equation, Codal provisions, General correlations and interpretations from situ tests.
Compressibility behavior of soils: Compaction & Consolidation, Settlement of foundations: stress in soils, immediate, consolidation and creep settlements, methods based on in situ tests; Dynamic properties of soils, Geophysical investigation, general correlations; Special topics: Ground Improvement Techniques, Geosynthetics, Liquefaction, Expansive soils, Soft soils, Solid waste & Landfill.
Structural engineering historical background; Construction materials; Review of structural analysis; Simplified analysis; Computer analysis vs.
manual analysis; Codes of Practice; Loads (dead, live, earthquake, wind, etc.) on structures; Load combinations; Discussions on various structural analysis problems; Calculations and drawings; Organizations and management; Professional liability concerns; Design tools; Structural load path; Group or individual project (design a structure of your choice); Design project report preparation and presentation; Review of project by professional experts.
Degrees of indeterminacy (flexibility & stiffness); Trusses (including types of trusses), beams and frames: determinate and indeterminate structures, cables and arches; moment area theorem; conjugate beam method; principle of virtual work; energy method; Castigliano’s theorems; unit-load and unit-displacement theorems; reciprocal theorems; Betti's and Maxwell's theorem; method of consistent deformations; slope-deflection method; displacement based methods; influence lines; Muller-Breslau's principle; moment distribution method; column analogy method; Introduction to matrix method.
Introduction to using structural analysis software for the analysis of simple structures/structural components.
Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.
Study of topographic sheet and analysis of hillslope and watershed features 3.
Open Channel Flow: Uniform flow, Critical flow, Gradually varied flow (GVF), Computations in GVF, Sediment transport, Design of canals, Hydraulic jump, Flow past sharp- and broad-crested weirs, Design of spillways, Flood routing, Dam-break flow, Hydraulic design of bridges Pipe Flow: Head losses in pipes, Pipe network analysis, Transients in pipes, Detection of leak and partial blockage Flow measurements and laboratory scale modeling Earthquakes: structure of earth, movement of plates, types of faults, P wave, S wave, surface waves, characterization of earthquakes and earthquake-induced ground motion; response spectra for individual ground motion records, site-specific response spectra, design spectra; single-degree-of-freedom systems; multi-degree-of-freedom systems; analysis, design and detailing of RC frames based on state-of-the-art and various codes IS 456, IS 1893 & IS 13920; Special topics: selection and scaling of ground motions, characterization of seismic hazard, seismic analysis and design of bridges, retaining walls, liquid-storage tanks, dams etc., design of non-structural components, passive structural control Stability of slopes, stability analysis, seismic analysis, probabilistic analysis, design of earth embankments and dams; Earth pressure theories; Earth retaining structures: rigid and flexible, Braced excavation; Reinforced earth structures; Buried structures, Case studies.